Turnover Ratios

The quantity of assets or liabilities that a business replaces in relation to sales is known as a turnover ratio. The idea is helpful for figuring out how well a company uses its resources. Since it suggests that receivables are swiftly recovered, fixed assets are heavily utilized, and little surplus inventory is maintained on hand, a high asset turnover ratio is typically regarded favorably.

This suggests a low requirement for invested capital and, thus, a good return on investment. On the other hand, a low liability turnover ratio (often in relation to accounts payable) is regarded favorably because it suggests that a business is taking the longest time possible to pay its suppliers, retaining its cash for a longer period of time.

Real-World Examples Of Turnover Ratio

With a strong buy-and-hold investment strategy, the BNY Mellon Appreciation Fund from Fidelity (DGAGX) invests primarily in blue-chip firms with total market capitalizations of over $5 billion at the time of purchase. These businesses exhibit consistent profitability, solid financial standing, international growth, and above-average profits growth, all of which support the fund's goal of capital preservation. The turnover ratio of the fund was 4.73% as of year's end in 2019.

In comparison, Fidelity's Rydex S&P Small-Cap 600 Pure Growth Fund (RYSGX) invests in derivatives as well as the common stock of businesses whose capitalization falls within that of the underlying S&P Small-Cap 600 Index. The fund aims to replicate the performance of the index on a daily basis and at least 80% of its net assets are invested in businesses that are expanding quickly or businesses in emerging markets. The Rydex fund had an average turnover ratio of 628% at the end of March 2020.

Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

The time it takes to collect an average amount of accounts receivable is measured by the accounts receivable turnover ratio. It can be influenced by a variety of things, including the company credit policy, payment terms, billing accuracy, the level of activity of the collections staff, the promptness of deduction processing, and a great deal more.

The formula is as follows:

Net Annual Credit Sales ÷ ((Beginning Accounts Receivable + Ending Accounts Receivable) / 2)

Inventory Turnover Ratio

The inventory turnover ratio calculates how much inventory must be kept on hand to accommodate a certain level of sales. The kind of manufacturing process flow system in use, the existence of out-of-date inventory, the management's order fulfillment policy, the accuracy of inventory records, the usage of manufacturing outsourcing, and other factors may have an impact.

The formula is:

Annual cost of goods sold ÷ Inventory = Inventory turnover

Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio

The fixed asset turnover ratio calculates the investment in fixed assets required to sustain a specific level of sales. Throughput analysis, production outsourcing, capacity management, and other variables might affect it.

The formula is:

Net annual sales ÷ (Gross fixed assets - Accumulated depreciation) = Fixed asset turnover ratio

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio

The accounts payable turnover ratio calculates how long a business can have trade payables on hand before having to pay suppliers. The conditions agreed upon with suppliers and the existence of early payment reductions have a significant impact.

The formula is:

Total supplier purchases ÷ ((Beginning accounts payable + Ending accounts payable) / 2)


The turnover ratio varies depending on the type of mutual fund, its investment goal, and/or the investing approach used by the portfolio manager.

The percentage of investments in a mutual fund or other portfolio that have been replaced over the course of a year is known as the turnover ratio or turnover rate.

High turnover rates can result in higher expenses (commissions, trading fees), as well as short-term capital gains that are taxed at the investor's ordinary income rate.

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