SWIFT code is a standard format used by banks and financial institutions for making international payments. Through BIC (Bank Identifier Codes), it identifies the branch, bank, and nation in which an account is registered and communicates the who, what, and where.

SWIFT is an acronym that stands for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. The BIC system is owned and managed by SWIFT. It can rapidly identify a bank and send money. The SWIFT network was also responsible for standardizing IBAN (international bank account numbers) formats.

BIC codes are used by the SWIFT network to make secure payments such as international bank wires, international money transfers, and SEPA payments. It is also primarily used as a message system.

Importance of SWIFT Code

  1. SWIFT ensures speedier information transfer from one bank to another, regardless of whether the banks are located in the same nation.
  2. SWIFT, unlike other data transmission networks, offers a secure network. It transfers information from one financial institution to another using encryption and decryption technology.
  3. SWIFT codes are used to help identify financial institutions since SWIFT offers each member institution with a unified and independent code. Encryption is added when the message is sent, which safeguards the message's transit. When the message reaches the recipient, it is decrypted.
  4. It provides the user with the ultimate integrity and confidentiality, as evidenced by its worldwide renunciation.

Functions of SWIFT Code

The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) operates a global data transmission network among financial institutions that is dependable, smooth, and secure. The following are the functions of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication:

  • SWIFT does not assist in the movement of cash; rather, it gives passcodes and payment orders to financial institutions that must be settled by the institutions' associated accounts.
  • It provides a network through which data can be sent from one bank's branch to another. As a result, it is a financial communications network.
  • It exchanges information in a dependable and secure manner over a globally established transmission and telecommunication network.
  • SWIFT, which provides a turnkey solution to its member financial institutions and banks, is used for the majority of international interbank transactions. Furthermore, it enables connectivity to SWIFT networks for the transfer of pertinent information in all international transactions.
  • A SWIFT code is also an alphabetical number that contains information identifying banks and branches in a standardized format.

How SWIFT Code work

SWIFT was originally designed to allow banks to communicate more efficiently and securely among themselves. Especially when it comes to processing foreign payments.

Because SWIFT is just a messenger between banks, the word "communicate" is always used. The code essentially decodes payment instructions sent from the issuing bank (the payor) to the remitting bank (the beneficiary/receiver).

SWIFT codes are used by financial institutions such as banks and clearing systems to indicate where to transmit money globally. This comprises the recipient's bank, the sender's bank, and the final destination of the funds.

A SWIFT payment may necessitate the use of an intermediary bank in addition to the sending and receiving banks. varied nations have varied banking restrictions, and sometimes a third party is required to complete the transaction.

Banks open Nostro and Vostro accounts with each other in order for the SWIFT system to function properly.


The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication is a well-developed system with operating centers in several countries and nearly all financial institutions as members.

The smooth functionality of exchanging SWIFT codes between banks ensures that only payments are cleared and are credited when transactions are authorized to form end clients. Thus, SWIFT is a very successful platform for the speedy and smooth operation of financial institutions globally, including established banks.

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